Tuesday, 14 July 2009

This Month in New York History: July

July 3rd: On this date in 1819, the first savings bank in the United States opened in New York City. It was called the Bank of Savings and allowed for customers to deposit their savings safely. By 2002, there were 109 savings bank organizations in 92 countries. To learn more about the history of banks and commerce in New York take a walking tour of the financial district with one of our guides.

July 4th: On this date in 1827, slavery was abolished in New York State. New York has been a dynamic, diverse, melting pot for years now, despite being the capital for American salvery for nearly two centuries. The emancipation was celebrated with a long parade throughout the city and was a step in the right direction for equality. In 2005 and 2006, the New York Historical Society ran a landmark exhibition on the slavery and the making of New York. Check out their site to learn some interesting facts.

July 13th: On this date in 1863, the New York Draft Riots broke out in NYC. The rioters were protestors of new conscription laws for the Civil War and it is regarded as one of the worst riots in U.S. history. Buildings were set ablaze and the costed the city about 1 million dollars in property damages. Abraham Lincoln sent the army to contest the rioters and 120 casualties lost there lives over the span of three days. July 26th: On this date in 1788, New York became the 11th state to ratify the United States Constitution. By the end of May 1788, nine states had ratified but the next three, New Hampshire, Virginia, and New York were necessary for success. This was no easy task and took months of debate. New York finally ratified by a vote of 30-27 and proposed 25 items in a Bill of Rights and 31 amendments.

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